X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning for evaluation of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed development

*Article not assigned to an issue yet

, ,

Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00767-2
First Page: 0
Last Page: 0
Views: 392

Keywords: n Arachis hypogaea L., CT scanning, Dry matter accumulation (DMA), Growth analysis, Seed development


Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oil seed crop with a high percentage of proteins. Using CT scanning of the pods, the entire period of seed growth and development was analyzed. Seed growth analysis in the terms of fresh and dry weights, and water content was performed, and the data were fitted to best polynomial equations. Seed set was observed after the 5th week and the maximum rate of dry matter accumulation (DMA) and water content was observed on the 10th week. The rate of DMA and water content showed a statistically significant relationship (P ≤ 0.001). The growth data revealed four distinct phases. CT scanning of the pod during various growth stages of the plants revealed that HU values for each seed and area of cross-section of the seeds revealed a very significant correlation with the DMA (P ≤ 0.001) in the developing seeds. CT scanning is a rapid and non-invasive technique to understand groundnut seed development, and better agronomic practices discussed.

n                     Arachis hypogaea L., CT scanning, Dry matter accumulation (DMA), Growth analysis, Seed development

*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)



Burr-Hersey JE, Mooney SJ, Bengough AG, Mairhofer S, Ritz K (2017) Developmental morphology of cover crop species exhibit contrasting behaviour to changes in soil bulk density, revealed by X-ray computed tomography. Pub Lib Sci 12, e0181872

Chandran K, Rajgopal K, Lalwani HB, Bhalodia PK, Sugad S (2003) Catalogue on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) germplasm 2. National Research centre for Groundnut, Junagadh, India. 362 001,p. 63

Chen D, Shi R, Pape JM, Neumann K, Arend D, Graner A, Klukas C (2018) Predicting plant biomass accumulation from image-derived parameters. Giga Sci 7:1–13

Chudasama RS, Thaker VS (2010) Role of cell wall components in sink size development in seeds of Cajanuscajan (L.) Mill Sp. Ind J Agri Res 44:259–266

Earles JM, Buckley TN, Brodersen CR, Busch FA, Cano FJ, Choat B, Barbour MM (2019) Embracing 3D complexity in leaf carbon–water exchange. Trends Plant Sci 24:15–24

Egli DB, Bruening WP (2004) Water stress, photosynthesis, seed sucrose levels and seed growth in soybean. J Agri Sci 142:1–8

Evers JB, Letort V, Renton M, Kang M (2018) Computational botany: advancing plant science through functional-structural plant modeling. Ann Bot 121:767–772

Gargiulo L, Leonarduzzi C, Mele G (2020) Micro-CT imaging of tomato seeds predictive potential of 3D morphometry on germination. Biosys Engi 200:112–122

Holmlund HI, Pratt RB, Jacobsen AL, Davis SD, Pittermann J (2019) High-resolution computed tomography reveals dynamics of desiccation and rehydration in fern petioles of a dessication-tolerant fern. New Phytol 224:97–105

Jhala VM, Thaker VS (2015) X-ray computed tomography to study rice (Oryza sativa L.) panicle development. J Exp Bot 66:6819–6825

Kalender WA (2000) Computed tomography. Publicis MCD Verlag, Munich

Karch J, Dudak J, Zemlicka J, Vavrik D, Kumpova I, Kvacek J, Trtik P (2017) X-ray micro-CT and neutron CT as complementary imaging tools for non-destructive 3D imaging of rare silicified fossil plants. J Instru 12:C12004

Manivel P, Mathur RK, Bandyopadhyay A, Samdur MY, Mishra JB (2000) Evalution of some confectionery type advanced breeding lines of groundnut. Int Arachis Newsl 20:20–21

Marshall-Colon A, Long SP, Allen DK, Allen G, Beard DA, Benes B, Zhu XG (2017) Crops in silico: generating virtual crops using an integrative and multi-scale modeling platform. Front Plant Sci 8:786

Martinez-Ruiz A, Lopez-Cruz IL, Ruiz-Gracia A, Pineda-Pineda J, Prado-Hernandez JV (2019) HortSyst: a dynamic model to predict growth, nitrogen uptake, and transpiration of greenhouse tomatoes. Chil J Agri Res 79:89–102

Matsunaga KK, Manchester SR, Srivastava R, Kapgate DK, Smith SY (2019) Fossil palm fruits from India indicate a cretaceous origin of Arecaceae tribe Borasseae. Bot J Lin Soc 190:260–280

Monpara J, Chudasama K, Thaker VS (2017) Changes in cell wall components during seed development in soybean (Glycine max) varieties. J Pharmacg Phytochem 6:2203–2208

Padmalatha Y, Reddy SR, Reddy TY (2002) Influence of dates of sowing and irrigation schedules on total dry matter production. Its partitioning and yield of winter groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Ind J Agro 47:98–104

Rabadia VS, Thaker VS, Singh YD (1999) Relationship between water content and growth of seed and fiber in three cotton cultivars. J Agro Crop Sci 183:255–261

Rogers ED, Monaenkova D, Mijar M, Nori A, Goldman DI, Benfey PN (2016) X-ray computed tomography reveals the response of root system architecture to soil texture. Plant Physiol 171:2028–2040

Skelton RP, Brodribb TJ, Choat B (2017) Casting light on xylem vulnerability in an herbaceous species reveals a lack of segmentation. New Phytol 214:561–569

Strullu-Derrien C, Bernard S, Spencer AR, Remusat L, Kenrick P, Derrien D (2019) On the structure and chemistry of fossils of the earliest woody plant. Palaeontology 62:1015–1026

Wang Z, Verboven P, Nicolai B (2017) Contrast-enhanced 3D micro-CT of plant tissues using different impregnation techniques. Plant Methods 13:1–16

Wu H, Jaeger M, Wang M, Li B, Zhang BG (2011) Three-dimensional distributions of vessels, passage cells, and lateral roots along the root axis of winter wheat (Triticumaestivum). Ann Bot 107:843–853



Authors are thankful to UGC-CAS Department of Biosciences Saurashtra University, Department of Higher Education Gandhinagar, and State Government of Gujarat for the financial support.

Author Information

Bopaliya Dhara P.
Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India

Chudasama Kiran S.
Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India

Thaker Vrinda
Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India