Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00810-2
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Keywords: n Cicer arietinum L., Field performance, Seed heteromorphism, Seed size


Abstract


Cicer arietinum L. is a major food legume across the globe. However, the yield of legume crops appears to have reached a plateau in developing countries where yield is often impacted by poor crop establishment. Therefore, seed physiological characteristics (specific to the cultivars/landraces adapted to various regions of the world) and their impacts on plantlet establishment and performance should be investigated. This study determined the effect of seed size on germination, plant development and agronomic performance in Cuba. Biochemical parameters were also evaluated up to 21 d of growth. The results showed that seeds with largest mass (89 ± 3 mg, group 3) showed more rapid germination, emergence and plant growth than other tested mass categories. This trend was sustained until plant maturity, where group 3 seeds generated highest yield. Differences were also noted in the antioxidant profiles among developing plants with highest levels of SOD and PER found in plants generated from seeds with smallest mass (55 ± 3 mg per seed, group 1). Above findings raise the question as to whether seeds of chickpea display heteromorphic behavior, however, further studies are required.


n                     Cicer arietinum L., Field performance, Seed heteromorphism, Seed size


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Acknowledgements


This research was supported by the Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila (Cuba); Universidad de Concepción (Chile); Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí (Ecuador); and Agricultural Research Council (South Africa).


Author Information


Villalobos-Olivera Ariel
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Campbell Roberto
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba


Martínez-Montero Marcos Edel
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba


Gómez Daviel
Laboratorio de CarboCat, Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile


Acosta Yanier
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Zevallos-Bravo Byron E.
Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí (UNESUM), Jipijapa, Ecuador

Hajari Elliosha
Plant Improvement, Agricultural Research Council-Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Nelspruit, South Africa

,
Lorenzo José Carlos
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba
lorenzojosecarlos68@gmail.com
Campbell Roberto
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Martínez-Montero Marcos Edel
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Centre, University of Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba