Selection of moisture stress tolerant fenugreek varieties using stress indices

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00640-2
First Page: 1038
Last Page: 1044
Views: 1426


Keywords: Canopy temperature, Fenugreek, Moisture stress, Stress tolerance, Susceptibility index


Abstract


Moisture stress at the reproductive phase is a major threat to the fenugreek production around the globe. Hence, selection of the best-suited crop varieties is of major challenge. The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the effect of moisture stress at a flowering stage on morpho-physiological and yield parameters using eight fenugreek varieties. Results of the present study demonstrated significant genotypic variation at the morpho-physiological level and yield related traits under moisture stress. About 28.8% percent lower seed yield was noticed under stress conditions than the non-stress conditions. Based on estimates of various selection indices, varieties such as CO-2, AFg-3 and RMt-305 were found relatively tolerant to moisture stress at the flowering period coupled with less yield reduction. Among the different selection indices, geometric mean productivity (GMP) and stress tolerance index (STI) are ideal selection indices for moisture stress tolerance in fenugreek genotypes. Thus, varieties CO-2, AFg-3 and RMt-305 can be further utilized in the fenugreek breeding program for drought tolerance. These indices can be deployed to identify the best-performing genotypes for moisture stress and optimum conditions.



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Acknowledgements


I take this opportunity to thank ICAR-NRCSS, Ajmer, and the Director, ICAR-NIASM for their support in experimenting under in house project “Genetic Garden” of ICAR-NIASM, Baramati.


Author Information


Harisha C. B.
ICAR-National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, Pune, India

Basavaraj P. S.
ICAR-National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, Pune, India
bassuptl@gmail.com

Boraiah K. M.
ICAR-National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, Pune, India


Halli H. M.
ICAR-National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, Pune, India