Effect of selenium biofortification on phenolic content and antioxidant properties of Jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius)

Akindoyeni, Inioluwa Ayooluwa

Research Articles | Published: 17 September, 2021

Volume: 35, Issue: 1, March 2022
Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00288-w
First Page: 94
Last Page: 103
Views: 191

Keywords: Jute leaf, Bioaccumulation, Antioxidant, Selenium


This study investigated the effect of selenium (Se) biofortification on the mineral composition, phenolic content and antioxidant properties of Jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius). Jute seeds were cultivated in four groups containing 0%, 0.01%, 0.05% and 0.1% Se-fortified organic fertilizer. The leaves were harvested at maturity and the mineral content, total phenol and flavonoid contents were determined. In vitro antioxidant properties of the leaves shown by their free radical scavenging abilities, reducing property, Fe2+ chelating ability, inhibition of Fenton reaction and lipid peroxidation were also assayed. Se content significantly increased from 0.18 ± 0.01 mg/100 g in 0% fortification group to 0.4 ± 0.03 mg/100 g in 0.1% fortification. Total phenol and flavonoid contents with the antioxidants properties increased at 0.05% fortification but reduced at 0.1% fortification. The result suggests that Jute leaf bioaccumulation of Se at 0.05% Se biofortification optimally influenced its mineral, phenolic contents and antioxidant properties.

Jute leaf, Bioaccumulation, Antioxidant, Selenium

*Pdf Download Buy Printed Copy

(*Only SPR Members can download pdf file; #Open Access;)


Adefegha SA (2017) Functional foods and nutraceuticals as dietary intervention in chronic diseases; novel perspectives for health promotion and disease prevention. J Diet Suppl. https://doi.org/10.1080/19390211.2017.1401573

Adefegha SA, Oboh G (2013) Phytochemistry and mode of action of some tropical spices in the management of type-2 diabetes and hypertension. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol 7(7):332–346

Allan CB, Lacourciere GM, Stadman TC (1999) Responsiveness of selenoproteins to dietary selenium. Annu Rev Nutr 19:1–16

Bandurski RS, Krekule J (1988) Physiology and biochemistry of auxins in plants. Backhuys Publishers

Bhatia P, Prakash R (2014) Enhance antioxidant properties as a function of selenium uptake by edible mushrooms cultivated on a selenium accumulated waste post-harvested wheat and paddy residues. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 3:127–132

Brigelius-Flohé R (2018) Selenium in human health and disease: an overview. Selenium. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 3–26

Brown TA, Shift A (1982) Selenium toxicity and tolerance in higher plants. Biol Rev 57:59–84

Chen J (2000) An original discovery: selenium deficiency and Keshan disease (an endemic heart disease). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 21(3):320–326

Duke JA (1983) Corchorus olitorius L. Handbook of energy crops. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Corchorus_olitorius.html. Accessed 17 Aug 2007

Fairweather- Tait S, Bao Y, Broadley MR, Collings R, Ford D, Hesketh JE, Hurst R (2011) Selenium in human health and disease. Antioxid Redox Signal 14(7):1337–1383

Finley JW, Ip C, Lisk DJ, Davis CD, Hintze KJ, Whanger PD (2001) Cancer-protective properties of high-selenium broccoli. J Agric Food Chem 49(5):2679–2683

Fordyce FM (2013) Selenium deficiency and toxicity in the environment. Essentials of medical geology. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 375–416

Gasecka M, Mleczek M, Siwulski M, Niendielski P (2016) Phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of Pleurotus ostreatus and Pleurotus eryngii enriched with selenium and zinc. Eur Food Res Technol 242:723–732

Giessel- Nielsen G, Gupta UC, Lamand M, Westermarck T (1984) Selenium in soils and plants. Adv Agron 37:397–460

Graham TW (1991) Trace element deficiencies in cattle. Vet Clin N Am Food Anim Pract 7:153–215

Groth S, Budke C, Neugart S, Ackermann S, Kappenstein FS, Daum D, Rohn S (2020) Influence of selenium biofortification on antioxidants properties and phenolic compounds of apples (Malus domestica). Antioxidants 9:187

Guo X, Wu L (1998) Distribution of free seleno-amino acids in plant tissue of Melilotus indica L. Grown in selenium-laden soils. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 39(3):207–214

Gupta M, Gupta S (2017) An overview of selenium uptake, metabolism and toxicity in plants. Front Plant Sci. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.02074

Gyamfi MA, Yonamine M, Aniya Y (1999) Free-radical scavenging action of medicinal herbs from Ghana: Thonningia sanguinea on experimentally-induced liver injuries. Gen Pharmacol 32:661–667

Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC (1981) Formation of a thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substance from deoxyribose in the presence of iron salts: the role of superoxide and hydroxyl radicals. FEBS Lett 128:347–352

Hillocks RJ (1998) The potential benefit of weeds with reference to small holder agriculture in Africa. Integr Pest Manag Rev 3:155–167

Hu Q, Pan G, Zhu J (2000) Effect of fertilization on selenium content of tea and the nutritional function of Se-enriched tea in rats. Plant Soil 238(1):91–95

Huang Z, Rose AH, Hoffman PR (2012) The role of selenium in inflammation and immunity: from molecular mechanisms to therapeutic opportunities. Antioxid Redox Signal 16(7):706–743

Hussain A, Arshad M, Zahir ZA, Asghar M (2015) Prospects of zinc solubilizing bacteria for enhancing growth of maize. Pak J Agric Sci 52(4):915–922

Ip C, Thompson HJ, Zhu Z, Ganther HE (2000) In vitro and in vivo studies of methylseleninic acid: evidence that a monomethylated selenium metabolite is critical for cancer chemoprevention. Can Res 60(11):2882–2886

Islam MM (2013) Biochemistry, medicinal and food values of jute (Corchorus capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) leaf: a review. Int J Enhanc Res Sci Technol Eng. 2(11):35–44

John LF, Roger F, Deverel SJ (1991) Selenium mobility and distribution in irrigated and non irrigated alluvial soils. Soil Sci Soc Am 55:1313–1320

Kahakachchi C, Boakye HT, Uden PC, Tyson JF (2004) Chromatographic speciation of anionic andneutral selenium compounds in Se accumulating Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) and selenized yeast. J Chromatogr A 1054:303–312

Kotrebai M, Birringer M, Tyson JF, Block E, Uden PC (2000) Selenium speciation in enriched and natural samples by HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS with perfluorinated carboxylic acid ion-pairing agents. Analyst 125(1):71–78

Lattanzio V (2013) Phenolic compounds: introduction. In: Ramawat KG, Merillon JM (eds) Natural products. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3642-22144-6_52

Liu RH (2013) Dietary bioactive compounds and their health implications. J Food Sci 78(1):18–25

Loneragan IF, Webb MJ (1993) Interactions between zinc and other nutrients affecting the growth of plants. Soil Sci Soc Am J 46:345–352

Loumerem M, Alercia A (2016) Descriptors for jute (Corchorus olitorius L.). Genet Resourc Crop Evol 63:1103–1111

Malagoli M, Schiavon M, Dall’Acqua S, Pilon-Smits EAH (2015) Effects of selenium biofortification on crop nutritional quality. Front Plant Sci 6:280. https://doi.org/10.33389/fpls.2015.00280

Meda A, Lamien CE, Romito M, Millogo J, Nacoulma OG (2005) Determination of the total phenolic, flavonoid and proline contents in Burkina Fasan honey, as well as their radical scavenging activity. Food Chem 91:571–577

Minotti G, Aust SD (1987) An investigation into the mechanism of citrate-Fe2_-dependent lipid peroxidation. Free Radic Biol Med 3:379–387

Morris JS, Crane SB (2013) Selenium toxicity from a misformulated dietary supplement, adverse health effects, and the temporal response in the nail biologic monitor. Nutrients 5:1024–1057. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5041024

Neal RH (1995) Selenium. In: Alloway BJ (ed) Heavy metals in soils. Blackie Academic & Professional, London, pp 260–283

Oboh G, Raddatz H, Henle T (2009) Characterization of the antioxidant properties of hydrophilic and lipophilic extracts of Jute (Corchorus Olitorus) leaf. Int J Food Sci Nutr 60(S2):124–134

Oboh G, Ademiluyi A, Akinyemi A, Henle T, Saliu J, Schwarenbolz U (2012) Inhibitory effect of polyphenol-rich extracts of jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius) on key enzyme linked to type 2 diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) and hypertension (angiotensin I converting enzyme) in vitro. J Funct Foods 4:450–458

Ohkawa H, Ohisi N, Yagi K (1979) Assay for lipid peroxides in animal tissues by thiobarbituric acid reaction. Anal Biochem 95:351–358

Oyaizu M (1986) Studies on products of browning reaction: antioxidative activity of products of browning reaction prepared from glucosamine. Japan Soc Nutr Food Sci 44:307–315

Pandey R (2015) Mineral nutrition of plants. In: Bahadur B et al. (eds) Plant biology and biotechnology, vol 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/98-81322-22866_20

Pazurkiewicz-Kocot K, Galas W, Kita A (2003) The effect of selenium on the accumulation of some metals in Zea mays L. plants treated with indole-3-acetic acid. Cell Mol Biol Lett 8:97–104

Puntel RL, Nogueira CW, Rocha JBT (2005) Krebs cycle intermediates modulate thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) production in rat brain in vitro. Neurochem Res 30:225–235

Rayman M (2000) The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet J 356(9225):233–241

Re R, Pellegrini N, Proteggente A, Pannala A, Yang M, Rice-Evans C (1999) Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorisation assay. Free Radic Biol Med 26:1231–1237

Reid ME, Stratton MS, Lillico AJ, Fakih M, Natarajan R, Clark LC, Marshall JR (2004) A report of high-dose selenium supplementation: response and toxicities. J Trace Elem in Med Biol 18:69–74

Riaz M, Mehmood KT (2012) Selenium in human health and disease: A review. Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute 26:120–133

Rios JJ, Blasco B, Leyva R, Sanchez-Rodriguez E, Rubio-Wilhelmi MM, Romero L, Ruiz JM (2013) Nutritional balance changes in lettuce plant grown under different doses and forms of selenium. J Plant Nutr 36:1344–1354. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2013.790427

Rout GR, Sahoo S (2015) Role of iron in plant growth and metabolism. Rev Agric Sci 3:1–24. https://doi.org/10.78331/ras3.1

Schiavon M, Dallaqua S, Mietto A, Pilon-Smits E, Sambo P, Masi A, Malagoli M (2013) Selenium fertilization alters the cchemical composition and antioxidant constituents of Tomato (Solanum lycoppersiccon L.). J Agric Food Chem 61:10542–10554

Shamberger RJ, Rudolph G (1966) Protection against carcinogenesis by antioxidants. Experienta 22:116

Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin_Ciocalteu reagent. Methods in enzymology 299 (oxidants and antioxidants, part A). Academic Press, San Diego, pp 152–178

Smith MI, Franke KW, Westfall BB (1936) Problem in relation to public health: a preliminary survey to determine the possibility to selenium intoxification in the rural population living on seleniferous soil. Public Health Rep 51(44):1496–1505

Timbo BB, Ross MP, McCarthy PV, Lin CTJ (2006) Dietary supplements in a national survey: prevalence of use and reports of adverse effects. J Am Diet Assoc 106:1966–1974

Tinggi U (2003) Essentiality and toxicity of selenium and its status in Australia: a review. Toxicol Lett 137(1–2):103–110

Valko M, Leibtritz D, Moncol J, Cronin M, Mazura M, Telser J (2007) Free radicals and antioxidants in normal physiological functions and human disease. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 39:44–84

Wu Z, Bañuelos GS, Lin ZQ, Liu Y, Yuan L, Yin X, Li M (2015) Biofortification and phytoremediation of selenium in China. Front Plant Sci 6:136. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00136

Yakoub AR, Abdehedi O, Jridi M, Elfalleh W, Nasiri M, Ferchichi A (2018) Flavonoids, phenols, antioxidants and antimicrobial activities in various extracts from Tossia jute leaves (Corchorus olitorus). Ind Crops Prod 118:206–213

Zakaira ZA, Sulaiman MR, Arifah AK, Mat Jais AM, Somchit MN, Kirissnaveni K, Punnitharrani D, Safarul M, Fatimah CA, Johari R (2006) The anti inflammatory and antipyretic activities of Corchorus oliotorus in rats. J Pharmacol Toxicol 1:39–46



The authors wish to appreciate the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND) of the Nigeria Federal Government under the National Research Fund (NRF) scheme for financially supporting this research work (TETFund/DR &D/CE/NRF/CC/11/VOL1).

Author Information

Akindoyeni, Inioluwa Ayooluwa
Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals and Phytomedicine Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria