Effect of tomato yellow leaf curl disease on yield, height and chlorophyll of open field grown tomato genotypes in Oman

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Short Communications | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00285-z
First Page: 269
Last Page: 275
Views: 635


Keywords: Resistance, Yield, Height, Chlorophyll content, Tomato genotype, Tomato yellow leaf curl diseases


Abstract


Tomato- infecting single stranded begomoviruses (family Geminiviridae) causing Tomato yellow leaf curl diseases (TYLCD) are major limiting factors of tomato crop production in Oman. Two replicated experiments were performed with nine tomato genotypes that contained different combinations of genes conferring TYLCD resistance (Ty genes) to determine the effect of TYLCD on yield, height and chlorophyll content in open field grown tomato genotypes in Oman. Overall, genotypes containing Ty genes performed better than the susceptible control (genotype without Ty gene), with less disease infection (60–70%), and more chlorophyll content and fruit production after TYLCVD infection. Statistically, there was no significant difference among tomato genotypes for plant height at the Agricultural Experimental Station trial. However, in the Al-Suwiq trial there was a significant difference for tomato genotypes and the p-value was less than 0.001. Among both trials, T2a and T1a tomato genotypes performed best, exhibiting no symptoms, high chlorophyll contents and fruit production. The finding of this study is discussed in relation to the effect of TYLCD on the yield, height and chlorophyll contents and production of different tomato genotypes in Oman.

Resistance, Yield, Height, Chlorophyll content, Tomato genotype, Tomato yellow leaf curl diseases


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Acknowledgements


The authors are thankful to the students and farmers for their support during data collection. The funds for this study were provided by SQU and TRC through IG/AGR/CROP/20/02 and RC/URG-AGR/CROP/20/01 grants, respectively. We also thank the World Vegetable Center in Taiwan as the source of the seeds used in this study.


Author Information


Al Hashimi Alla Hilal
Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Janke Rhonda
Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman


Hanson Peter
The World Vegetable Center, Tainan, Taiwan


Al Sadi Abdullah. M.
Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Shahid M. S.
Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
mshahid@squ.edu.om