Plant beneficial effects of Trichoderma spp. suppressing Fusarium wilt and enhancing growth in Tomato

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00277-z
First Page: 188
Last Page: 195
Views: 549


Keywords: n Trichoderma asperellumn , Bioinoculant, Biotic stress, Fusarium wilt, Vigour index


Abstract


Trichoderma spp. are widely used as beneficial fungi for disease management, plant growth promotion, induced resistance, and abiotic stress management. Henceforth, plays a pivotal role in sustainable agriculture around the world. The study aimed to identify a promising biocontrol agent with multi-trait properties wherein isolates of Trichoderma spp. were identified on the basis of their morphological and molecular characteristics for species-level determination. Twelve Trichoderma isolates tested in-vitro against Fusarium solani and their biochemical responses concerning defense enzymes, growth enzymes, and lytic enzymes were also assessed, further validated under pot culture conditions. Under thein-vitro study, the highest percent inhibition, specific activity of defense enzymes (PO, PPO, and SOD) and lytic enzymes (cellulase, Xylanase, CMCase, and Chitinase) production were recorded with T. asperellum (TGD-I and TSH-I) and T. harzianum (MTB-I). These three isolates exhibited growth hormones ranging from 0.01 to 0.42 μl/ml (IAA) and 0.2–0.5 μl/ml (GA3) and also showed the highest root and shoot growth promotion. This study proves that T. asperellum and T. harzianum initially isolated from hot humid tropical climate may be used as bio inoculants in subtropical areas of India for biotic stress management and plant growth promotion in vegetable crops.

n              Trichoderma asperellumn            , Bioinoculant, Biotic stress, Fusarium wilt, Vigour index


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Acknowledgements


Authors are thankful to the Director of IARI, Head, Division of Plant Pathology, IARI for their support


Author Information


Kumar Krishna
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India

Mishra Monika
Division of Plant Pathology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India


Rathore Utkarsh Singh
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India

singh.utkarsh14991@gmail.com
Kumar Sandeep
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India


Mishra R. K.
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India

Amaresan N.
C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Surat, India

Pandey Sonika
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India

,
Mishra Monika
Division of Crop Protection, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India